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Check your route to LLELA:

Construction has closed an intersection that affects LLELA visitors. Don't come up Mill Street to access LLELA. Instead, from I-35E, exit at Main St. in Lewisville. Drive east on Main St. through Old Town Lewisville. Just past Mill St., watch for Kealy St. Turn left (north) on Kealy and follow it north to the LLELA entrance gate. More info.

Wildflowers and Forbs at LLELA

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Common Name

Scientific Name

Observed Abundance

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

C

Prairie Agalinis

Agalinis heterophylla

C

Mud Plaintain

Alisma subcordatum

U

Wild Onion

Allium canadense

A

Amaranth

Amaranthus rudis

U

Western Ragweed

Ambrosia psilostachya

C

Giant Ragweed

Ambrosia trifida

A

Valley Redstem

Ammannia coccinea

C

Broomweed

Amphiachyris dracunculoides

C

Texas Bluestar

Amsonia tabernaemontana

U

Tenpetal Thimbleweed

Anemone berlandieri

C

Prickly Poppy

Argemone polyanthemos

R

Green-Dragon

Arisaema dracontium

R

Texas Milkweed

Asclepias texana

C

Butterfly Milkweed

Asclepias tuberose

R

Green Milkweed

Asclepias viridis

C

Drummond’s Aster

Aster drummondii

U

Heath Aster

Aster ericoides

C

Annual Aster

Aster subulatus

C

Western Daisy

Astranthium integrifolium

R

Water Fern

Azolla caroliniana

C

Water Hyssop

Bacopa monnieri

U

India Mustard

Brassica juncea

U*

False Boneset

Brickellia eupatorioides

U

Corn Gromwell

Buglossoides arvensis

C*

Wine Cup

Callirheo involucrate

C

Square-bud Sundrops

Calylophus berlandieri

R

Shepherd’s Purse

Capsella bursa-pastoris

U*

Nodding Thistle

Carduus nutans

U*

Indian Paintbrush

Castilleja indivisa

C

Basket Flower

Centaurea americana

C

Ladybird’s Centaury

Centaurium texense

C

Sticky Chickweed

Cerastium glomeratum

C

Partridge Pea

Chamaecrista fasciculata

A

Spotted Sandmat

Chamaescyce maculata

R

Small Matted Sandmat

Chamaesyce serpens

U

Hairy Golden Aster

Chrysopsis pilosa

U

Horrid Thistle

Cirsium horridulum

U

Texas Thistle

Cirsium texanum

C

Bull Nettle

Cnidoscolus texanus

C

Dayflower

Commelina erecta

C

Bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis

C*

Canada Horseweed

Conyza ramosissimum

R

Rain Lily

Cooperia drummondii

C

Plains Coreopsis

Coreopsis tinctoria

C

Smallflower Hawksbeard

Crepis pulchra

U*

Woolly Croton

Croton capitatus

C

Prairie Tea

Croton monanthogynus

C

Texas Croton

Croton texensis

C

Cuspidate Dodder

Cuscuta cuspidate

U

Showy Dodder

Cuscuta indecora

U

Queen Anne’s Lace

Daucus carota

C*

Illinois Bundleflower

Desmanthus illinoensis

C

Slenderlobe Bundleflower

Desmanthus leptolobus

U

Clasping Coneflower

Dracopis amplexicaulis

C

Tall Burhead

Echinodorus beteroi

U

Creeping Burhead

Echinodorus cordifolius

U

False Daisy

Eclipta prostrata

U

Egeria

Egeria densa

U*

Elodea

Elodea canadensis

U*

Engelmann’s Daisy

Engelmannia peristenia

U

Scouring Rush

Equisetum hyemale

U

Philadelphia Fleabane

Erigeron philadelphicus

U

Daisy Fleabane

Erigeron strigosus

C

Redstem Stork’s Bill

Erodium cicutarium

C*

Hooker’s Eryngo

Eryngium hookeri

C

Leavenworth’s Eryngo

Eryngium leavenworthii

C

Rattlesnake Master

Eryngium yuccifolium

U

Mistflower

Eupatorium coelestinum

U

Fall Boneset

Eupatorium serotinum

U

Snow-on-the-Prairie

Euphorbia bicolor

C

Toothed Spurge

Euphorbia dentata

C

Six-angle Spurge

Euphorbia hexagona

U

Texas Bluebell

Eustoma russellianum

U

Snake Cotton

Froelichia gracilis

U

Indian Blanket

Gaillardia pulchella

U

Bedstraw

Galium aparine

C

Velvetweed

Gaura parviflora

C

Roadside Gaura

Gaura suffulta

C

Carolina Geranium

Geranium carolinianum

U

Avens

Geum canadense

U

Prairie Verbena

Glandularia bipinnatifida

C

Little-head Gumweed

Grindelia adenodonta

C

Wax Goldenweed

Grindelia papposa

C

Drummond’s False Pennyroyal

Hedeoma drummondii

R

Prairie Bluets

Hedyotis nigricans

C

Yellowdicks

Helenium amarum

R

Common Sunflower

Helianthus annuus

A

Maximilian Sunflower

Helianthus maximiliani

C

Water Star-grass

Heteranthera dubia

U

Blue Mud-plantain

Heteranthera limosa

C

Camphorweed

Heterotheca subaxillaris

U

Halberd-leaf Hibiscus

Hibiscus laevis

U

Water Pennywort

Hydrocotyle umbellate

C

Carolina Woolly White

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus

U

Tievine

Ipomoea cordatotrilboa

C

Whitestar

Ipomoea lacunosa

U

Standing Cypress

Ipomopsis rubra

U

Sumpweed

Iva annuua

A

Waterwillow

Justicia americana

U

Warty Caltrop

Kallstroemia parviflora

U

Prickly Lettuce

Lactuca serriola

C*

Henbit

Lamium amplexicaule

C*

Rough Pea

Lathyrus hirsutus

C*

Duckweed

Lemna minor

C

Virginia Peppergrass

Lepidium virginicum

C

Lax Bladderpod

Lesquerella gracilis

R

Gayfeather

Liatris mucronata

C

Texas Yellowstar

Lindheimera texana

U

Fringed Puccoon

Lithospermum incisum

R

Cardinal Flower

Lobelia cardinalis

R

Water-primrose

Ludwigia peploides

C

Texas Bluebonnet

Lupinus texenis

U

Winged Lythrum

Lythrum alatum

R

Spotted Medic

Medicago Arabica

U*

Button Medic

Medicago orbicularis

C*

White Sweetclover

Melilotus alba

U*

Yellow Sweetclover

Melilotus officinalis

C*

Monarch Vine

Mikania scandens

C

Catclaw Sensitive Briar

Mimosa nuttallii

C

Four-o’Clock

Mirabilis linearis

U

Heart-leaf Four-o’Clock

Mirabilis nyctaginea

C

Lemon Mint

Monarda citriodora

C

Spotted Beebalm

Monarda punctata

U

Large-seed Forget-me-not

Myostis macrosperma

U

Parrotfeather

Myriophyllum aquaticum

U*

Eurasian Watermilfoil

Myriophyllum spicatum

U*

Southern Naiad

Najas guadalupensis

A

Water Lotus

Nelumbo lutea

C

Prairie Celestial

Nemastylis geminiflora

R

Yellow Puff

Neptunia lutea

U

Crow-Poison

Nothoscordum bivalve

C

Spatterdock

Nuphar luteum

U

White Water Lily

Nymphaea odorata

U

Cutleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera laciniata

U

Fourpoint Evening Primrose

Oenothera rhombipetala

U

Showy Evening Primrose

Oenothera speciosa

C

Prickly Pear

Opuntia phaeacantha

C

Yellow Wood Sorrel

Oxalis stricta

C

Great Plains Ragwort

Packera tampicana

U

Santa Maria Feverfew

Parthenium hysterophorus

U

Passionflower

Passiflora incarnate

C

Blue-curls

Phaclia congesta

U

Mistletoe

Phoradendron tomentosum

C

Texas Frog Fruit

Phyla nodiflora

C

Cutleaf Ground Cherry

Physalis angulata

C

Common Ground Cherry

Physalis longifolia

U

Showy False Dragonhead

Physostegia pulchella

U

Bottle-brush Indian Wheat

Plantago aristata

U

Plantain

Plantago heterophylla

C

Woolly Plantain

Plantago patagonica

C

Redseed Plantain

Plantago rhodosperma

C

Marsh Fleabane

Pluchea odorata

C

Pickerelweed

Pontederia cordata

U

Little Hogweed

Porulaca oleracea

U*

Curlyleaf Pondweed

Potamogeton crispus

U*

American Pondweed

Potamogeton nodosus

C

Illinois Pondweed

Potamogeton illinoensis

C

Slender Pondweed

Potamogeton pusillus

C

Mock Bishop’s Weed

Ptilimnium nuttalli

C

Texas Dandelion

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus

A

Little-leaf Buttercup

Ranunculus abortivus

U

Annual Bastard-cabbage

Rapistrum rugosum

C*

Mexican Hat

Ratibida columnifera

C

Pigeonberry

Ravina humilis

A

Watercress

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum

U*

Wild Rose

Rosa micrantha

C*

Dewberry

Rubus aboriginum

C

Brown-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

C

Limestone Wild Petunia

Ruellia strepens

U

Curly Dock

Rumex crispus

C*

Prairie Gentian

Sabatia campestris

U

Hooded Arrowhead

Sagittaria calycina

U

Arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia

U

Bulltongue

Sagittaria graminea

A

Hudson Sagittaria

Sagittaria subulata

U

Blue Sage

Salvia azurea

U

Scarlet Sage

Salvia coccinea

U

Mealy Blue Sage

Salvia farinacea

U

Lizard’s Tail

Saururus cernuus

U

Shepherd’s Needle

Scandix pectin-veneris

C*

Common Groundsel

Senecio vulgaris

U

Rattlebox

Sesbania herbacea

C

Blue Field Madder

Sherardia arvensis

C*

Spreading Sida

Sida abutifolia

R

Compass Plant

Silphium laciniatum

U

Charlock Mustard

Sinapis arvensis

U*

Blue Eyed-Grass

Sisyrinchium angustifolium

C

Horse-nettle

Solanum carolinense

C

Nightshade

Solanum dimidiatum

C

Silverleaf Nightshade

Solanum elaeagnifolium

C

Buffalo Bur

Solanum rostratum

U

Canada Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis

A

Prickly Sow Thistle

Sonchus asper

C*

Common Sow Thistle

Sonchus oleraceus

U*

Scarlet Globe Mallow

Sphaeralcea coccinea

U

Lady’s Tresses Orchid

Spiranthes cernua

U

Duckmeat

Spirodela polyrhiza

U

Shade Betony

Stachys crenata

U

Common Chickweed

Stellaria media

C*

False Gaura

Stenosiphon linifolius

C

Trailing Wild Bean

Strophostyles helvula

C

Sago Pondweed

Stuckenia pectinatus

C

Common Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale

C*

Fine-leaf Greenthread

Thelesperma filifolium

U

Hedge Parsley

Torilis arvensis

C*

Knotted Hedge Parsley

Torilis nodosa

C*

Spiderwort

Tradescantia ohiensis

C

Goatsbeard

Tragopogon dubius

C*

Goat Head

Tribulus terrestris

U*

Large Hop-clover

Trifolium campestre

C*

Clasping Venus’ Looking-glass

Triodanis perfoliata

C

Southern Cattail

Typha domingensis

C

Broad-leaf Cattail

Typha latifolia

C

Bladderwort

Utricularia gibba

U

Beaked Cornsalad

Valerianella radiata

C

Eel-grass

Vallisneria Americana

U

Big Bract Verbena

Verbana bracteata

U

Texas Vervain

Verbena halei

C

Woolly Vervain

Verbena stricta

C

White Crownbeard

Verbesina virginica

U

Ironweed

Vernonia baldwinii

C

Persian Speedwell

Veronica persica

C*

Garden Vetch

Vicia sativa

C*

Johnny Jump-up

Viola bicolor

U

Cocklebur

Xanthium strumarium

C

Arkansas Yucca

Yucca arkansana

U

Horned Pondweed

Zannichellia palustris

C

Abundance Codes Key

  • A - abundant
  • C - common
  • U - uncommon
  • R - rare
  • X - accidental
  • * - Non-native, introduced species